# Multiple ways to Swap two Variables in Python

|In this Python example series, we will cover the program to swap two variables.

## 1. What is Swapping and How to Swap two numbers?

Swapping two numbers or variables simply means that the first variable will get the value of the second variable and vice versa.

In python, there are different ways by which we can swap two variables. We will discuss each of them with their proper implementation and understanding.

Before deep-diving into the topic, some of the topics which may be beneficial for understanding the program implementation better are:

Let’s understand each of the implementations one by one.

## 2. Swap Two variables {values} using third Variable

In this type of swap, we generally take one extra variable apart from the two data stored variables for making a swap between them. Let’s add two numbers from the basic method by using the addition operator.

#Python Program to Swap two variables using third variable # We can take user input as well # num1 = int(input("Enter first number")) num1 = 9 num2 = 1 print("Variable values before swap ") print("Value of num1: ", num1, "\nValue of num2: ", num2) temp = num1 num1 = num2 num2 = temp print("\nVariable values after swap ") print("Value of num1: ", num1, "\nValue of num2: ", num2)

OutputVariable values before swap Value of num1: 9 Value of num2: 1 Variable values after swap Value of num1: 1 Value of num2: 9

**In the above program:**

- First, the
`temp`

variable will store the`num1`

variable’s value. - Second, the
`num1`

variable will now store the value of`num2`

variable. - Third, the
`num2`

will get the value of`temp`

variable which had the value of num1.

## 3. Swap Two variables without using third variable in Python

In Python, there are several different techniques by which we can swap two variables and it will not require the use of any third variable.

**The advantage** of not using any third variable is that it saves storage. Taking one more variable will definitely take one space more as compared to not taking any extra variable.

### 3.1. Swap two variables at their position

In Python, there is a simple trick by which we can swap two variables usta t their location.

Let’s see how it works with program implementation.

#Python Program to Swap two variables at same position { without using third variable} # We can take user input # num1 = int(input("Enter first number")) num1 = 14 num2 = 51 print("Variable values before swap ") print("Value of num1: ", num1, "\nValue of num2: ", num2) num1, num2 = num2, num1 print("\nVariable values after swap ") print("Value of num1: ", num1, "\nValue of num2: ", num2)

OutputVariable values before swap Value of num1: 14 Value of num2: 51 Variable values after swap Value of num1: 51 Value of num2: 14

In the above program, the value of `num2`

will be assigned to `num1`

and vice versa at their location. This is one of the easiest ways to swap two variables.

### 3.2. Swap two variables using Bitwise XOR Operator

One of the ways is using the Bitwise XOR gate. This method is only limited to work with integers because it uses bit operation. This method is fast to perform.

Let’s implement the code to see them working.

#Python Program to Swap two variables using XOR operator { without using third variable} num1 = 14 num2 = 51 print("Value of num1: ", num1, "\nValue of num2: ", num2) num1 = num1 ^ num2 num2 = num1 ^ num2 num1 = num1 ^ num2 print("\nVariable values after swap ") print("Value of num1: ", num1, "\nValue of num2: ", num2)

OutputValue of num1: 14 Value of num2: 51 Variable values after swap Value of num1: 51 Value of num2: 14

### 3.3. Swap Two variables using Arithmetic Operator

The final way of swapping two variables is by using arithmetic operators. By using simple addition and subtraction operations.

Let’s see the implementation of the program.

#Python Program to Swap two variables using Arithmetic Operator { without using third variable} num1 = 3450 num2 = 1267 print("Value of num1: ", num1, "\nValue of num2: ", num2) num1 = num1 + num2 num2 = num1 - num2 num1 = num1 - num2 print("\nVariable values after swap ") print("Value of num1: ", num1, "\nValue of num2: ", num2)

OutputValue of num1: 3450 Value of num2: 1267 Variable values after swap Value of num1: 1267 Value of num2: 3450

In the above program, the sum of both the numbers is stored in `num1`

variable, then from the new `num1`

value `num2`

is removed and the resultant value is stored in `num2`

and finally `num1`

is assigned the value from whole removing the new `num2`

.

## 4. Conclusion

In this article, we discussed how can we swap two numbers in python using different ways. We used:

- One way by using third variable
- Three different way by not using third variable

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