Interview Puzzles Set 13 – Find The Murderer | Find The Murderer 2 | Find The Weights 2
|Logic is the beginning of Wisdom not the end.
– Leonard Nimoy
Algorithmic thinking is really important as it enhances your thinking skills and can be nurtured with practice. (Refer the previous tutorial to know more about Algorithmic Thinking and try the puzzles before moving on to the solutions.)
Solutions for the previous problems
Puzzle 12.1 Solution – Open Doors
Correct Answer: 10 doors
Explanation: All the doors which will be visited an even number of times will remain closed where as those doors which will be visited an odd number of times will be open. for ex. 2,3 have two factors(even) thus, they’ll be closed where as 1,4 have 1 and 3 factors(odd) thus, they’ll be open at the end.
If we analyze the numbers, we’ll get to know that all doors numbers which are perfect squares have an odd number of factors and thus, will remain open at the end. There are 10 perfect squares from 1-100 i.e 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100. Therefore, 10 doors will be open at the end and all other doors will be closed.
Puzzle 12.2 Solution – The Poisoned Wine
Correct Answer: 10 rats
Explanation: All the bottles are numbered from 1-1000, and all the rats are numbered from 1-10. Since the binary representation of each number contains not more than 10 bits, only 10 rats are needed. After converting the number to its binary form, the rats will be made to drink the wine based on the positioning of bit ‘1’. for ex. the number 31 after converting to its binary form is represented as 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1, therefore the rats numbered 6,7,8,9 and 10 will be made to drink bottle numbered 31.
So at the end, we can find out all the rats that died(as bit 1) and which are alive( as bit 0) and find the bottle number from the binary number.
Solving these puzzles is fun, isn’t it? So, wear your logic caps and get ready for your next brain workout:
Quiz 13.1 – Find The Murderer
A man has been murdered and there are five suspects Sarah, Johny, Bruno, Jason and Amy.
A piece of paper was found near the dead body which had 7891011 written on it in blood.
Can you figure out who is the murderer? After all, it’s a matter of justice 😉
Just think about it and post your answer in the comments. I’ll explain this in the next tutorial.
Solution Added – Solution of “Find the Murderer” puzzle
Quiz 13.2 – Find The Murderer 2
A rich man was murdered on a Sunday afternoon. Sherlock Holmes was called for the investigation. There were four suspects butler, cook, maid, gardener. Sherlock asked all the suspects, what they were doing at the time of the murder.
Butler: I was on leave.
Cook: I was cooking breakfast.
Maid: I was cleaning the house.
Gardener: I was watering the plants.
Based on their responses, Sherlock found out who the killer was. Can you figure out as well who the killer actually was?
Just think about it and post your answer in the comments.
Solution Added – Solution of “Find the Murdere 2” puzzle
Quiz 13.3 – Find the Weights 2
A king asks a wise man to visit his palace, to which the wise man responds:
“I will come some day in next month and will bring an object weighing from 1 kg to 40 kg. You have to tell me the exact weight using the balance and you can have only four other weighing blocks.”
In preparation for the visit, the king wants your help. What are their weights?
Just think about the weights and their combinations and post your answer in the comments.
Solution Added – Solution of “Find the Weights 3” puzzle
So start thinking and comment answer to the questions asked above and wait for the next post for the solutions.
Do Share and Subscribe and comment your opinion, queries and suggestions.
Keep Learning. Happy Learning 🙂
About the butler, cook, gardener, and maid:
If the cook wanted to make up an alibi about what he was doing in the afternoon (presumably after lunch), wouldn’t he say he was cooking dinner? The fact that he said he was cooking breakfast, to me, is fairly good evidence that he was telling the truth.
Also, who is to say anyone is honest with their answer? Couldn’t any or all of them be lying?
The only one that has to be telling the truth is the butler, because the others could easily verify that he was on leave.
Lastly, even if all were the telling the truth, everyone but the butler could have slipped away unnoticed to commit the murderer, then returned to their task at hand.
You might be correct in doubting whether the answers given by everyone are honest or everyone but the butler could have slipped away unnoticed to commit the murder but then the flow of the riddle would be different and Sherlock wouldn’t have been able to identify the
killer which is mentioned in the riddle.
Also, if the cook wanted to make up a “Valid” alibi about what he was doing in the afternoon, he could’ve said he was cooking dinner. The fact that he wasn’t able to do so, in no way is an evidence that he was telling the truth but the reason he was caught.
Hope this helps.
P.S. I’m glad that you were able to think about this riddle from a different perspective which is the purpose of these articles.